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O estudo de caso como metodologia de investigação psicanalítica

Paulo Correia Ferrajão, Rui Aragão Oliveira

Resumo


Registam-se divergências epistemológicas relativas ao estudo de caso como método adequado à validação da teoria psicanalítica entre uma posição que compreende a investigação psicanalítica como o estudo dos significados e método apropriado à investigação das teorias psicanalíticas e uma abordagem que privilegia a adopção dum caráter científico, baseando-se na integração de metodologias de investigação apoiada em lógicas de relações probabilísticas de causalidade. A investigação psicanalítica, de acordo com modelos de causalidade, parece não considerar a especificidade do seu campo de estudo, o inconsciente, requerendo uma abordagem específica de investigação. Neste trabalho os autores propõem a utilização do estudo de caso como metodologia de investigação psicanalítica científica, através da realização de supervisão clínica e da análise da contratransferência como metodologias geradoras de evidência científica para a teoria psicanalítica.

Palavras-chave: estudo de caso, hermenêutica, métodos qualitativos, contratransferência, inconsciente.

 

Abstract

Case study as a methodology for psychoanalytic research

Epistemological differences regarding case study as an appropriate validationmethod of psychoanalytic theory have been observed, from a position thatunderstands psychoanalytic research as the study of meanings, and the appropriatemethod to research psychoanalytic theories; and an approach that favors theadoption of a scientific character, based on the integration of researchmethodologies supported on logics of probabilistic causal relations. Thepsychoanalytic investigation, according to causal models, does not seem to considerthe specificity of its study field, the unconscious, requiring a specific approach toresearch. In this work the authors propose the use of case study as a methodologyfor psychoanalytic scientific research, by means of clinical supervision and theanalyses of countertransference as methodologies that generate scientific evidencefor the psychoanalytic theory.

Keywords: case study, hermeneutic, qualitative methods, countertransference,unconscious.

 

Resumen

El estudio de caso como metodología de investigación psicoanalítica

Existen diferencias epistemológicas en relación con el estudio de caso comométodo apropiado para validar la teoría psicoanalítica, entre una posición quecomprende la investigación psicoanalítica como el estudio de los significados yel método adecuado para la investigación de las teorías psicoanalíticas y un enfoquea favor de la adopción de un carácter científico, basado en la integración demetodologías de investigación basándose en relaciones de causalidad lógicaprobabilística. La investigación psicoanalítica de acuerdo con modelos decausalidad no parece tener en cuenta la especificidad de su campo de estudio, elinconsciente, que requiere un método específico para su investigación. En estetrabajo los autores proponen el uso del estudio de caso como metodología de lainvestigación psicoanalítica científica, mediante la realización de la supervisiónclínica y el análisis de la contratransferencia como metodologías que generanevidencia científica para la teoría psicoanalítica.

Palabras clave: estudio de casos, hermenéutica, métodos cualitativos,contratransferencia, inconsciente.

 


Palavras-chave


estudo de caso, hermenêutica, métodos qualitativos, contratransferência, inconsciente.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/sppa%20revista.v22i1.81

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Revista de Psicanálise da SPPA | Publicada desde 1993 (1988-93 com o nome de Arquivos de Psicanálise da SPPA)

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