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Indução ao conluio na relação perversa: enactments perversos e baluartes como disfarce para a ansiedade de morte

Jaime Pablo Nos

Resumo


O autor destaca que uma das funções principais das formas perversas de se relacionar é induzir o analista a se tornar cúmplice inconsciente do paciente em um pacto perverso contra o trabalho analítico, com o intuito de desmentir aspectos intoleráveis da realidade. O poder intenso da indução ao conluio nas formas perversas de se relacionar leva o analista a participar de enactments transferenciais-contratransferenciais e da cristalização de um conluio inconsciente, silente e crônico entre o paciente e o analista no campo analítico, estagnando o processo (baluarte: Baranger & Baranger). O  autor defende que a análise da patologia perversa não deveria limitar-se à interpretação do funcionamento intrapsíquico do paciente, mas também focar-se na informação obtida pelo analista através da sua participação nos enactments. O analista deveria também lançar um segundo olhar ao campo analítico para detectar baluartes subjacentes. O autor revisa as principais contribuições psicanalíticas que esclareceram o fenômeno da indução ao conluio nas formas perversas de se relacionar e, a título de ilustração, descreve a análise de um homem com caráter perverso. Neste paciente, uma das principais funções da sua forma perversa de se relacionar consistia em induzir o analista a se tornar cúmplice na desmentida do seu terror da morte. O autor ressalta a influência da ansiedade de morte nos baluartes que se desenvolvem no tratamento de pacientes perversos.

Palavras-chave: Caráter perverso; Relação perversa; Indução ao conluio; Enactment perverso transferêncial-contratransferêncial; Baluarte de campo; Segundo olhar; Pacto anti-morte; Ansiedade arcaica de morte

 

Abstract
Collusive induction in perverse relating: perverse enactments and bastions as a camouflage for death anxiety
The author argues that one of the main functions of perverse relatedness is to induce the analyst into becoming the patient’s unconscious accomplice in a perverse pact against the analytic work aimed at disavowing intolerable aspects of reality. The intense power of collusive induction in perverse relating leads the analyst to participate in transference-countertransference enactments and to the crystallization of a silent and chronic unconscious collusion between the patient and analyst in the analytic field, stagnating the process (bastion: Baranger & Baranger). The author claims that analysis of perverse pathology should not be limited to interpretation of the patient’s intrapsychic functioning but should also focus on the information
obtained by the analyst through his participation in collusive enactments: the analyst should also take a second look at the analytic field to detect underlying bastions. The author reviews the mean psychoanalytic contributions that have clarified the phenomenon of collusive induction in perverse relating and as an illustration, describes the analysis of a man with perverse character: in this patient, one of the main functions of his perverse relatedness was to induce the analyst to become an accomplice in his disavowal of his terror of death. The author highlights the influence of death anxiety in the bastions that develop in the treatment of perverse patients.

Keywords: Perverse character; Perverse relatedness; Collusive induction; Perverse transference-countertransference enactment; Field bastion; Second look; Anti-death pact; Archaic death anxiety

 

Resumen
Inducción a la colusión en la relación perversa: enactments perversos y baluartes como disfraz para la ansiedad de muerte
El autor destaca que una de las funciones principales de las formas perversas de relacionarse es inducir al analista a volverse cómplice inconsciente del paciente en un pacto perverso contra el trabajo analítico, con el propósito de renegar aspectos intolerables de la realidad. El poder intenso de la inducción a la colusión en las formas perversas de relacionarse lleva al analista a participar de enactments transferenciales contratransferenciales y de la cristalización de una complicidad  inconsciente, silenciosa y crónica entre el paciente y el analista en el campo analítico, estancando el proceso (baluarte: Baranger & Baranger). El autor defiende que el análisis de la patología perversa no debería limitarse a la interpretación del funcionamiento intrapsíquico del paciente, sino también enfocarse en la información obtenida por el analista a través de su participación en los enactments. El analista debería lanzar también una segunda mirada al campo analítico para detectar baluartes subyacentes. El autor revisa las principales contribuciones psicoanalíticas que aclararon el fenómeno de la inducción a la colusión en las formas perversas de relacionarse y, a modo de ilustración, describe el análisis de un hombre con carácter perverso. En este paciente, una de las principales funciones de su forma perversa de relacionarse consistía en inducir al analista a volverse cómplice en la negación de su terror de la muerte. El autor resalta la influencia de la ansiedad de muerte en los baluartes que se desarrollan en el tratamiento de pacientes perversos.

Palabras clave: Carácter perverso; Relación perversa; Inducción a la colusión; Enactment perverso transferencial-contratransferencial; Baluarte de campo; Segunda mirada; Pacto anti-muerte; Ansiedad arcaica de muerte


Palavras-chave


Caráter perverso; Relação perversa; Indução ao conluio; Enactment perverso transferêncial-contratransferêncial; Baluarte de campo; Segundo olhar; Pacto anti-morte; Ansiedade arcaica de morte

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