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Encontrando a fantasia inconsciente na sessão: reconhecendo a forma

Catalina Bronstein

Resumo


O conceito de fantasia inconsciente tinha – e ainda tem – um papel central no pensamento psicanalítico. A autora discute as várias formas pelas quais as fantasias inconscientes se manifestam na sessão analítica conforme são vivenciadas e colocadas em ato (enacted) na transferência. Este trabalho também tem como objetivo expandir a teoria kleiniana da formação de símbolos, explorando o impacto que os aspectos emocionais conectados a fantasias primordiais brutas, pré-simbólicas, têm na análise e como seus elementos corporais se entrelaçam com o processo de significação. A autora segue as formas expressivas das fantasias inconscientes primitivas à medida que elas aparecem na sessão psicanalítica e propõe que o efeito emocional que pode ser vivenciado na comunicação entre paciente e analista depende em grande medida de aspectos semióticos ligados a fantasias primitivas que são sentidas e vividas de forma corporificada. Mais do que um movimento de fantasias inconscientes que caracterizam equações simbólicas para aquelas que apresentam simbolização adequada, ambas podem coexistir e simultaneamente encontrar seu caminho para o que é comunicado ao analista. Como as fantasias primitivas carregam uma conexão íntima com o corpo e com emoções não processadas, quando são projetadas para dentro do analista elas podem produzir uma poderosa ressonância, às vezes também vivenciada de maneira física e tomando parte integral da contratransferência do analista.

Palavras-chave: fantasia inconsciente; corpo; pré-verbal; simbólico;
equação simbólica; semiótica; corporificação; Isaacs; Kristeva

 

Abstract

Finding unconscious phantasy in the session: recognizing form

The concept of unconscious phantasy has played – and still does play – a central role in psychoanalytic thinking. The author discusses the various forms by which unconscious phantasies manifest themselves in the analytic session as they are lived out and enacted in the transference relationship. This paper also aims at expanding the Kleinian theory of symbol formation by exploring the impact that emotional aspects connected to early raw, pre-symbolic phantasies have in the analysis and how their bodily elements intertwine with the signifying process. The author follows the expressive forms of primitive unconscious phantasies as they appear in a psychoanalytic session and proposes that the emotional effect that can be experienced in the communication between patient and analyst depends in great measure on semiotic aspects linked to primitive phantasies that are felt and lived out in embodied ways. Rather than a move from unconscious phantasies that typify symbolic equations to those showing proper symbolization, both can coexist and simultaneously find their way to what is communicated to the analyst. As early phantasies bear an intimate connection to the body and to unprocessed emotions when they are projected into the analyst, they can produce a powerful resonance, sometimes also experienced in a physical way and forming an integral part of the analyst’s counter-transference.

Keywords: unconscious phantasy; body; pre-verbal; symbolic; symbolic equation; semiotic; embodiment; Isaacs; Kristeva

 

Resumen

El hallazgo de la fantasía inconsciente en la sesión: reconociendo la forma

El concepto de fantasía inconsciente ha jugado y sigue jugando un papel central en el pensamiento psicoanalítico. La autora analiza las distintas formas de manifestación de las fantasías inconscientes en la sesión analítica a medida que se viven y se ponen en acto en (enacted) la relación transferencial. Este trabajo también apunta a expandir la teoría kleniana de la simbolización mediante la exploración del impacto de los aspectos emocionales conectados con las fantasías tempranas en bruto, presimbólicas, sobre el análisis, y de la manera en la que se entretejen sus aspectos corporales con el proceso de significación. La autora sigue a las formas de expresión de fantasías inconscientes primitivas a medida que aparecen en la sesión psicoanalítica y propone que el efecto emocional que puede experimentarse  en la comunicación entre paciente y analista depende, en gran medida, de aspectos semióticos vinculados con fantasías primitivas que son sentidas y vividas de manera corporeizada. Antes que un pasaje de fantasías inconscientes que tipifican ecuaciones simbólicas a otras que exhiben una simbolización apropiada, se propone que ambas pueden convivir y encontrar su camino hacia lo que se comunica al analista. Como las fantasías tempranas están íntimamente conectadas con el cuerpo y con emociones no procesadas, cuando se las proyecta en el o la analista, pueden producir una fuerte resonancia que, a veces, se experimenta de manera física y forma parte integral de la contratransferencia.

Palabras clave: fantasía inconsciente; cuerpo; preverbal; simbólico; ecuación
simbólica; semiótica; corporificación; Isaacs; Kristeva


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/sppa%20revista.v25i2.374

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